Repiping News

Corrosion of Galvanized Plumbing

Corrosion is the slow-moving degeneration of a substance by its surroundings. Different metal contact, atmosphere, moisture, and dirt may generate pipeline damage. If left untreated, rusty water lines will certainly cause a volume of expensive plumbing difficulties which includes burst open pipes, slab leaks, and stopped up pipes. With an overall annual expense of corrosion forecasted in excess of $280 billion – no wonder American people pay out vast amounts of money on water pipe degeneration repair service on their houses and businesses.

By simply knowing the practical information of domestic plumbing related pipeline deterioration, you are able to keep on top of or protect against this harmful influence to cut costs and sustain a hazard free living climate in your family.

Water Pipe Corrosion
Placed under some types of conditions, steel, copper and iron pipes and fittings are liable to corrosion disorders. The soft welding of numerous metals including copper and steel alloy can cause corrosion in piping. Metal water pipe oxidation is typically called galvanic corrosion which is a consequence of electrochemical electron exchange by way of the completely different galvanic characteristics amongst unlike materials. Plumbing contractors regulate or minimize pipe corrosion by utilizing anti corrosion pipes or perhaps identical forms of materials for plumbing related connections. When corrosion tolerant pipes are inaccessible and plumbing engineers cannot make use of the same exact metal – they will put in pipe corrosion safety in the form of a fiberglass or vinyl connection in between the joints to halt totally different metals from contacting each other. A lot of unique elements impact the pace of oxidation in metal water pipes which includes chemical structure of the water, low pH numbers of water, the amount of oxygen in the water, pressure in pipes, material malfunction and temperature of water.

Pipe Corrosion Resistance
Other than triggering an array of plumbing situations, corroded water pipes transform water passing through them into an exceptionally acidic, undesirable tasting water which has a brownish rusty coloration. For that reason pipe corrosion repair service needs to be managed once the symptoms and signs for pipe corrosion are seen. Worn or discolored sections along pipelines or below 7 pH values of water are normal indicators for pipe corrosion. Plumbers advise homeowners to perform regular investigations of exposed copper water pipes for blue-green discoloration that in some cases indicate pinhole leaks. If seen, home owners will want to call their local plumbing experts for effective repair. Installing pipe clamps over pin holes will prevent water leaks and mitigate the leaking pipe emergency situation until eventually professional repair is made.

Copper Pipe Corrosion
Unsightly pitting corrosion causes pin hole leaks in copper water pipes. Copper water line corrosion results in the development of small pitting on constrained areas of the metallic surface area, bringing about leaky water lines which can waste about 60 to 70 gallons of water every single day. Copper pipe corrosion forms for unidentified reasons, however some plumbing engineers credit the chemistry of the water moving through copper piping to the advancement of pits.

Reasons for Low Water Pressure

Any time you begin to notice a lowering of water pressure, the condition are often times in your plumbing system. Here are a lot of the typical factors to consider whenever trouble shooting a low water pressure disorder.

Plugged Aerators
Whenever the decreased water pressure is originating from the faucet, the trouble could simply be a clogged or blocked aerator. Unscrew the faucet, and examine the aerator screen for oxidation, build up, rust along with other dirt which could be limiting flow. For some people it could be advisable to just completely clean or change out the sink aerator altogether.

No Hot Water Pressure
If your decrease in water pressure seems to only be having an effect on the hot water, there might be problems with a hot water heater. Look at the shut-off valve close to the water heater, ensuring it is totally opened. You may have to confer with an accredited plumber to test the health of your water heater and discover if this is the source of problems of water pressure.

Pressure Reducing Valve (PRV)
If for example your decreased pressure issue occurs through the entire home, you should check your pressure valve. This may be a bell-shaped instrument, and is more commonly found where the line goes into your building. If your PRV valve is inaccurately realigned or has failed, it can cause a pressure loss, or simply no water to your property.

Shutoff Valve
Lots of homes and companies have a primary shut off valve. The location may vary, however most of the time it will be discovered in an outside box behind the water meter or nearby the pressure reduction valve. This particular valve, which allows you to shut down the water flow to the home, can restrict the flow if not entirely open. Even when a bit closed, this valve can lessen flows and reduce your water pressure.

Calcium Deposits
Inside older properties, water pipes like galvanized piping are often seen. Through the years, mineral deposit buildup can build within the water line and as a result limit the internal diameter of the water pipe, as well as causing the inner surface of the pipe rough. Although corrosion doesn’t necessarily present a health threat, it will lessen your flow and pressure. Should you discover this to be a main problem, your only option would be to replace the plumbing in your home with a copper or PEX repiping.

Water System Distribution
In case the water pressure would seem considerably lower at specific times throughout the day, you could be seeing the consequence of demand peak of the water system. There are most often a couple of peak periods during the day. The first is early upon waking when most people are getting prepared for school or work. Another is in the evening hours when we are coming back at home from working. During that time they are oftentimes washing laundry, showering, or watering their lawns. With these times, you may notice pressure decrease, but you should still have sufficient water so long as you don’t in addition have one of several challenges referred to in one of the other trouble shooting steps.

Repipe with PEX Plumbing

For your best repipe remedy for your house or company, consider a PEX repiping solution from Repipe Specialists.

What is PEX Repipe?
There are many reasons exactly why a household owner may need to replace your home’s existing plumbing pipes. One of the more wide-spread factors are aged pipes which may have begun to leak, current pipes which aren’t code compliant, and corroded pipes that may be having an effect on incredibly low water pressure, bad taste, smell and appearance.

Just what is Repiping with PEX?
PEX piping is a very common quite strong, very flexible piping trusted around the world. It has several amazing benefits over older galvanized pipes.

The Benefit from Repiping with PEX
Purchasing PEX pipe material for your household has several benefits:

No pipe corrosion
PEX isn’t vulnerable to pipe corrosion like metal pipe material. This means it can last year after year with virtually no serious complications.

PEX does not have the normal water hammer sound difficulties involved with metallic pipe material. The material makes it possible for water to move through the residence silently and effectively.

This form of pipe is definitely more flexible, which makes it a great choice intended for updating existing pipe material with newer PEX pipes.

Improved hot water insulation
The piping far better insulate domestic hot water lines, leading to significantly less heat reduction given that the water is within the water line.

Superb guarantee
The PEX installation is warrantied for a lifetime, offering up full peace of mind.

The Repipe Specialists Benefit
With Repipe Specialists you can be certain of expert advice and quality for the pipe repairs and PEX repipe. They are licensed PEX pipe material professionals, having more than 20 years of Copper and PEX repiping experience. You can be sure of your level of satisfaction, guaranteed service and full, up front pricing. By opting for Repipe Specialists you will know the task is going to be done properly.

For all your PEX repiping questions, service and plumbing upgrades through the State of California, simply call and speak with Repipe Specialists right away. The phone lines are open 24 hours to provide quick and pressing services for home owners in need. Free in-home quotations direct to your residence or business.

What is a pinhole leak in a copper water line?

A pin-hole leak is a small hole that increase in a pipe resulting in a misting or stream of water to shoot outward. Normally these leaks build up due to the water line eroding internally. There are various of reasons that explain why a leak occurs. Among the major variables that cause a leak include age of pipes, your towns water pressure, the amount of minerals found in your water, the way the water pipes are set up (i.e. joints, corners, pipe bends etc.), what season you are in, and just how the piping was hooked up.

Pin-hole leaking in copper water pipe
Usually the leakages develop at the water main inside the house. They occur around the water main because this is exactly where the water pressure is the greatest inside your home. Exactly like how water as time passes can cut deep into rock creating erosion. It also can deteriorate in the interior of your water line. It slowly erodes the inside of the tubing until it eventually bursts through.

Copper pipe breakdown
Across the US in various states and cities, there may be substantial water pressure with lots of minerals within the water. These conditions as well as the usual structural age of the house between 20-40 years old suggests that there is a large range of pinhole leak phone calls recently. Elevated mineral content in the water could potentially cause various water pipe complications. Everything from water heaters to faucets and water pipes suffer from the excess minerals. Conditioning your drinking water doesn’t help significantly either. Using a softener in water doesn’t take away most of the minerals which can be contained in water.

PinHole Leaks in Pipe Joints
A lot of the conditions that induce pin-hole leaks can’t be avoided. You cannot modify the mineral content or water temperature entering the house. Almost all water leaks appear at or near a joint. Basically where the connection is. This can be a right-angle fitting or maybe a pipe attachment. The moment water passes by the pipe joint there is always disturbance. Your water whirls and rotates while it goes through the pipes. Avoiding this is considerably inescapable. The turbulence may cause water to erode the water pipe from within.

Erosion in Pipe Fittings
Whenever a leak comes up at a joint it is usually because of the installer failing to ream out the copper after cutting it. When a copper pipe is cut with a pipe cutter it gets pinched as it’s being cut. This creates a lip on the inside of the pipe. This lip can exaggerate the amount of turbulence that occurs at the joint. Often a pipe that has multiple holes generally occurs due to the installer not reaming out the pipe after cutting it.

If you get a pinhole leak what should you do?
Chances are good that if you are continually having to repair different pinhole leaks, you will want to seriously consider a full Copper Repipe. It is the only way to prevent a pinhole leak from reoccuring because of poor water quality. Repipe Specialists is the preferred service provider for full copper repiping. They provide free on-site estimates and can even assist in upgrading your fixtures and additional improvements like a tankless water heater. Their services are about half the cost of a local plumber and always backed by a lifetime guarantee.

Copper Repiping Reviews on Repipe Specialists.

Let’s review the next beneficial recommendation submitted in by a new client of Repipe Specialists.

In May this year my spouse and I phoned numerous vendors to receive bids to repipe the house. Not only did Repipe Specialists provide us the most suitable price, we have been most encouraged by your salesperson who visited our home. He is quite qualified and demonstrated the actual pipe type that would be used in our home once we chose his particular company to complete the job.

After my wife and I spoke about the three quotes, we selected Repipe Specialists for their qualified business techniques. All of the workers arrived on the day and time which they said they would get going the work. At the end of the day, their work was actually completed. A section of turf ended up being cleared to be able to lay the pipes, and the yard had been replaced, and also it was actually not detectable exactly where they dug the actual trench. And after a few weeks ever since the task was completed, the turf basically looks exactly as great as it did prior to the services. The next day after the brand-new copper water pipes had been put in place, the dry wall work was completed, and was beyond our expectations in relation to quality.

A day or two later, I needed to get in touch with Repipe Specialists to get an adjustment made in one of the valves in the guest bathroom shower. The following morning one of your plumbing experts was at the house to remedy the problems. My wife and I ended up being very pleasantly surprised because the while copper repipe job was done exactly as advertised and promptly on time. So often you hear of contractors that will not respond once the work is done. This is not the case with Repipe Specialists.“It’s safe to recommend Repipe Specialists to my neighbors regarding their great service as well as justifiable price for the job.
- D Stringer

Home Builder has filed a complaint to fight Water District alleging water supplied by the district produces leaks in pipes.

SANTA ANA: Several homebuilders now have submitted claims in the Orange County Superior Court asserting tap water made available from the two South County water districts is corroding water pipes, inducing leaks that require hundreds of thousands of dollars for copper repiping repair and installation.

Shapell Industries reported their grievance Nov 2, claiming drinking water brought to you by Moulton Niguel Water District for Shapell homes located in two or more Laguna Niguel residential districts; San Joaquin Hills in addition to Hillcrest were treated with chloramine, a disinfectant that Shapell says is known to cause pinhole leaks in the pipes of homeowners throughout the area.

The claim states Shapell “will need to refurbish and change out plumbing in nearly 600 homes” in those local communities. The issue could not identify the volume of family homes that have leaks. The developer is wanting greater than $4 million in damages, stating defective products, negligence, private nuisance and infringement of service.

MNWD offers service to 45,000 condos and corporations in Laguna Niguel, Aliso Viejo, Laguna Hills and parts of Mission Viejo and San Juan Capistrano.

“The only customers complaining in regard to these pipe leaks live in residences made by Shapell within these pair of locations,” MNWD general manager Bob Gumerman said in his statement. “If our water is cause for blame, the particular issue would be common.”

Gumerman stressed the district’s water meets or is greater than federal and state water-quality conditions which is safe for consuming and additional purposes. He explained Shapell has never presented documents on how MNWD’s water supply has caused pin-hole water leaks in homes. Multiple phone calls to the attorneys which represent Shapell were not returned.

Gumerman says Moulton Niguel receives its water supply from the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, who imports it from the Colorado River as well as the State Water Project, a system of storage plants, tanks and lakes. As outlined by its blog, MWD utilizes chloramine, a mixture of chlorine and ammonia, within the water treatment system to eliminate bacteria in standard water.

MWD also offers water to the Santa Margarita Water District, which usually services the remainder of Mission Viejo as well as Rancho Santa Margarita, Coto de Caza, Ladera Ranch along with the Talega regional community in San Clemente. MWD and SMWD were named as defendants within a challenge lodged Feb. 10 by Lennar Homes connected with pin hole pipe leaks in more aged pipes within the Verano neighborhood of Talega.

Lennar’s complaint states leaks in galvanized piping in 59 Verano models “are a primary and/or additional result of corrosive, overly aggressive anderroneously treated water” supplied by the districts. Lennar is seeking the districts to become held answerable for the leaking as well as any fees, harms or settlements incurred by Lennar brought on by the pipe leaks.

Newmeyer & Dillion attorney at law Carol Zaist, which happens to be representing Lennar, said the developer won’t talk about impending legal matters.

Newmeyer & Dillion additionally handles homebuilder Standard Pacific, which lodged a claim sent to the district in January located 74 family homes in Ladera Ranch and Talega where the homeowners have reported pinhole leaks in piping and associated damage to property. The declaration was initially turned down by SMWD officials, although the latest scientific tests may turned around this original evaluation.

SMWD spokeswoman Michele Miller reported the district doesn’t modify or modify the water available from MWD, even noting SMWD water complies with or is higher than domestic water quality guidelines. Concerning the negative effects of drinking water treatment methods, “the district believes that there isn’t information to suggest how the region’s water supply is causing a corrosive influence on galvanized plumbing.”

Marc Edwards is known as a Virginia Tech municipal and environmental engineering instructor and a nationwide identified expert on pipe corrosion. A portion of his attempts are to learn the causes of pipe breakdowns and how to put an end to them. He stated that a range of cases are appearing in California and he expects to become used as the expert witness.

“We’ve succesfully done more than likely more than a million dollars of evaluation throughout the last nine years,” Edwards said. “Today we have found that water chemistry and harsh water are key contributing factors of pinhole leaks.

“We are aware that other reasons are often connected, including severe velocity in water lines and inferior installation procedures, and for that reason each claim normally takes somewhat intensive forensic evaluation as a way to establish the potential contributing factor and treatment,” he included.

Edwards said similar requirements carried out to make drinking water safer may well be producing pinhole water leaks. Despite the fact disinfectants are required, far too much in a number of waters may just be corrosive. He said reports on chloramine has shown it on its own doesn’t seem to create pinhole leaks in water lines, nevertheless “it is possible, even expected, that chloramine plus other factors within the water might be extremely corrosive.”

Although they probably have excellent intentions, enhancements to fulfill regulations may just be having unintentional consequences, Edwards had said.

“You’ll find that there’s a whole lot we do understand,” he was quoted saying. “We have completely recognized that water could be a cause; not the only cause, but an underlying reason. However, there is a whole lot we still don’t realize.”

Have I got a Slab Leak?

Do you think there might be a slab leak in the house? Persistent problems include observing or beginning to feel damp spots on the flooring. Particularly very hot water spots. These can be recognized by walking in the home in bare feet. An additional basic symptom is the water bill is considerably higher. This may be attributable to the fact that the water is leaking under pressure originating from the inward bound water line. This means that the water will leak all day and all night virtually every single day. This increases your monthly water costs much higher. Another warning sign that is fairly common is that it sounds like water is running despite the fact that every one of the faucets inside your home are off.

The Backdrop

The problem of slab leaks began in the Southwest US in the early ’80s. At that time house construction crews and building contractors were building up houses on big concrete slabs. The builders would pour a giant concrete slab foundation and be able to lay in soft copper pipe even though the cement remained wet. The soft copper pipes would run the full length and width of the slab as necessary in order to reach anywhere they needed to get water around the residence and as per the layout. The water pipe would rise out of the concrete in whichever area the floor plan said will require water. For example, a water pipe would probably stick up through the foundation in each bathroom, the kitchen and near the laundry hookup, to mention a few.

The obstacle with the thought of burying soft copper piping into a concrete foundation is that the copper was not strong. Any kinking, folding, flexing, or nicking would deteriorate the pipe and eventually produce a pinhole leak. The pipes were often impaired throughout installation and or cementing process. Builders were not able to benefit from hard copper given that it was banned within the building codes at that time.


The major cause of these kind of leaks is worn out soft copper tubing. The weakened pipes begin pin hole leaks and become even larger complications of slab leaks. What is considered distinct in relation to these slab leaks is the fact they are located in the concrete foundation. A foundation leak, by it’s own nature isn’t a painless pipe leak to remedy.

Maintenance possibilities

You could have three choices to fix foundation leaks. It is possible to jackhammer, epoxy or repipe.

The jackhammer option isn’t widely used. It’s just a widely disruptive procedure where a crew enters and takes off the floor and then jackhammers through the concrete floor to locate the water line. A section from the pipe all around the leak is taken off and fixed with new pipe. The brand new section of water line is soldered into position utilizing a plumbing technician that knows the right way to weld. When the new section of pipe is installed the water pressure is restored to confirm this doesn’t leak. When it ultimately does not leak, then the concrete floor is repaired and the flooring is put back together.

Epoxy lining

Epoxy coating is the process where the internal parts of your water lines are cleaned and then lined with epoxy. This seals up the hole and ends the leaking. It has the added benefit of possibly heading off any future leaks as the coating is put on to all of your pipes from the slab foundation. The one disadvantage to this process is the coating itself may become a setback in time. Cracking after frigid temperatures or weight compression could get within the pipes and can cause medical fears when ingested.


The best choice is called repiping. Repiping is when you essentially rebuild all the water pipes in the household separate from the soft copper tubing that’s buried inside the foundation. A fully new system of water lines is set up in the house inside the wall surfaces and ceilings, that entirely bypasses the previous slab pipes.


The chance of not doing anything concerning your foundation leak is that your family home would be wet and moldy. You’ll experience hardly any water pressure and your water bills might be sky high. The risk is in never scheduling the repair at all. The potential risk of the jackhammer is reasonably sizable. The danger of the jackhammer method is not that this doesn’t work. The risk is that you might have to complete the work many times. You can see, usually once you fix a particular leak using this method a different one shows up inside of a week. The likely potential for the Epoxy lining procedure would be the Epoxy itself ends up being a health risk. The ultimate procedure would be to perform a repipe procedure. Very little risk is involved with repiping.

Cost estimations

The generally acknowledged wisdom is that you may count on paying roughly $1,500 for each modest leak repair. Repiping provides for a permenant solution to fixing and protecting against active and possible future leaks for the life time of your household. You will never need to get worried about it again.

What’s the typical charge to do a repipe on a home?

Generally a repipe could cost around $2,000 and $5,000. The fees will differ depending the particular type of water pipe construction of the home. A repipe is the process in which all of the water pipes within your home will be bypassed, swapping all of them with brand-new PEX or Copper piping. Even though it may look like a costly procedure, repiping guarantees you’ll no longer end up being vulnerable to pinhole leaks, foundation leaks or potential future reduction in your houses water pressure.

Progressively the oxidation and corrosion inside your water pipes will impact not merely the plumbing, but also the fixtures. Several years of corrosion and decay have been pressured through the pipes, clogging screens and often times leading to damages to the inner components. One might pick out additional updates like a tank-less water heater or better water fixtures in the bathroom sink or shower.

Repipe Specialists will do it all simultaneously, handling your plumbing problems as well. This is going to free you from concern for countless years to come. The rates of a copper repiping usually are about half of what the local area plumbing contractor may cost.

When looking at the costs of a copper repiping, bear in mind that basically 2 pin-hole leaks in your residence’s water pipe system normally will cost you more to maintain in contrast to what a full copper repiping should cost. By initiating the copper repipe process, you’ll wipe out almost every other challenges which you may run into going forward.

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